Slavophiles


Slavophiles
   In 19th-century Russia, Slavophiles were intellectuals who emphasized Russia’s unique historic and cultural identity (often called samobytnost>); they contrasted sharply with the Westernizers, who believed that Russia had a common history with Europe and was ultimately destined to adopt Western economic and social practices. The term derives from the Russian word slavianophil, which signifies someone who supports Slavs, the ethnolinguistic group to which Russians belong, along with Ukrainians, Belarusians, Serbs, Poles, and others. Slavophiles emphasized Russian traditional forms of commonality and unity as well as an individual’s spiritual development. The term is mostly out of use in contemporary Russian language; however, ideas of pan-Slavism and the messianic role of the Russian nation are instrumental in neo-Eurasianism, an ideology that carries on the Slavophile opposition of the Westernizers, now personified by the Atlanticists.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • SLAVOPHILES — Important courant de pensée sociale et politique russe, entre les années 1840 et 1860, le mouvement des slavophiles naît d’une querelle historique avec les occidentalistes. Ce terme d’occidentalistes (à l’origine un sobriquet) est toujours couplé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Slavophiles — Slavophilisme La slavophilie ou le slavophilisme désigne diverses théories nationalistes slaves. Sommaire 1 Principes 2 Historique 3 Principaux représentants 4 Liens externes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SLAVOPHILES (NÉO-) — SLAVOPHILES NÉO On a ainsi nommé un courant apparu dans la littérature soviétique vers le milieu des années 1960, même s’il a plus emprunté à Dostoïevski, aux mouvements des «Scythes» et des «Eurasiens» et à certains philosophes idéalistes dont… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Slavophiles and Westernizers — Opposing groups of intellectuals in 19th century Russia. Prominent in the 1840s and 50s, the Slavophiles believed in the uniqueness of Russian culture and contended that Russia should rely on its own character and history to determine its future… …   Universalium

  • List of Slavophiles — This is a list of 19th century Russian Slavophiles:*Ivan Aksakov *Konstantin Aksakov *Aleksey Khomyakov *Ivan Kireevsky *Mikhail Pogodin *Yuri Samarin *Fyodor Tyutchev *Nikolay YazykovMany prominent Russian nationalist and conservative thinkers… …   Wikipedia

  • Slavophile — A Slavophile is an intellectual movement originating from 19th century that wanted the Russian Empire to be developed upon values and institutions derived from its early history. Slavophiles were especially opposed to Western European culture and …   Wikipedia

  • Slavophilisme — Le slavophilisme ou la slavophilie désigne diverses théories nationalistes slaves. Le principal mouvement slavophile s est développé en Russie, mais des mouvements similaires ont existé dans d autres pays slaves, comme la Pologne. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Slavophile — Slavophilism /sleuh vof euh liz euhm, slah veuh fil iz euhm, slav euh /, n. /slah veuh fuyl , fil, slav euh /, n. 1. a person who greatly admires the Slavs and Slavic ways. 2. one of a group of mid 19th century Russian intellectuals who favored… …   Universalium

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • Mouvement slavophile — Slavophilisme La slavophilie ou le slavophilisme désigne diverses théories nationalistes slaves. Sommaire 1 Principes 2 Historique 3 Principaux représentants 4 Liens externes …   Wikipédia en Français